Conifers are vascular gymnosperm plants which produce cones instead of flowers. A few varieties, such as Yew and Junipers, produce very small "false fruits" which are cones modified to be fleshy and edible; only Angiosperms (flowering plants) produce true fruit. Birds and small mammals often eat the seeds and false-fruits. Humans are known to harvest seeds of certain conifers (such as Monkey Puzzle) and use sticky resin for various purposes such as treating wounds.

Throughout much of the Mesozoic conifers were among the dominant trees (along with Ginkos). However towards the end of the Mesozoic, and throughout the Cenozoic, Angiosperms began to compete with them for tree niches and displace them in certain habitats. However Conifers still thrive in temperate and boreal habitats, as well as certain sandy and swampy regions in the tropics.

One the most dominant conifers in the Hell Creek formation was the Metasequoia (Dawn redwood). Araucaria (Monkey Puzzle) and Sequoia (Redwood) also existed but were rarer (although this may have been due to habitat preferences reducing preservation rather than actually being rare altogether).

Ecology in Dinosystem Edit

The conifer's in Dinosystem prefer milder climates and are not as abundant around the coasts as the palm tree. The conifer produces edible fruit (this is a placeholder, as actual apples are produced by a kind of short Angiosperm that did not exist during the Mesozoic) which are readily fed upon by dinosaurs. Saplings are browsed upon by Triceratops and Ankylosaurus. But adult trees are tall enough to avoid them.

Strategy in Dinosystem survival Edit

Conifers are a source of edible fruit, although the fruit is not a nutritious as meat or eggs. Conifers can also be harvested from for leaves & branches to make tools or use as fire fuel, or for resin to utilize the certain items like bandages. Conifers can also be cut down with axes to obtain wood to use as fire fuel.